Solar Panel is an integral component of the solar system. There are various types of solar cells that are used by companies to manufacture solar panels. The solar system is an important investment like parking your money in real estate, banks, equities and ETFs. Therefore, it becomes crucial for the consumer to be aware of what solar cells are used to manufacture solar panels. They differ in design, components, efficiency, performance and price.
Let’s discuss 4 major types of solar cells that are widely used and are available in NSW & across Australia in 2022.
- N-type & P-type
Monocrystalline Solar Cells
- Each solar PV cell is made of a single silicon crystal. These are sometimes referred to as “mono solar panels.”
- Since they are made from pure silicon, it can easily be identified with dark black colour
- It is the most space-efficient, durable and long-lasting among all other solar panel type
- It is the most expensive as numerous silicon is wasted to manufacture one monocrystalline cell
Polycrystalline Solar Cells
- Each PV cell is made of multiple silicon crystal fragments that are melted together during manufacturing
- You may see them called “multi-crystalline panels” or “poly panels.”
- However, the crystalline silicon structure of individual solar cells affects their performance and appearance.
Key Differences between Monocrystalline and Polycrystalline Solar Cells
|Monocrystalline Solar Cells
|Polycrystalline Solar Cells
|One pure silicon crystal
|Many silicon fragments melted together
|Rigorous and Intensive
|Dark black hue
Lower temperature coefficient
|Higher temperature coefficient